The Altamira Cave, located in Cantabria, Spain, is one of the most cherished treasures of global prehistoric art. Accidentally discovered in 1868 and thoroughly explored in 1879 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola and his daughter María, this cave houses an impressive collection of rock art dating from the Upper Paleolithic period, approximately 35,000 to 15,000 years ago. This subterranean sanctuary of primitive art extends along 270 meters, although most of the paintings are found in a 20-meter gallery known as the "Great Hall." Here, a multitude of animals, including bison, horses, deer, and human hands, have been depicted on the rock with astonishing artistic skill. What makes Altamira particularly exceptional is its use of the cave's natural relief to give a three-dimensional effect to the images, showcasing the sophistication of Paleolithic artists. The Altamira Cave and its art hold immense historical and archaeological significance. In its time, it revolutionized our understanding of early humans' artistic and symbolic capacity. Although there was initial skepticism in the scientific community, the authenticity of Altamira's paintings was ultimately confirmed, forever changing our perception of prehistory. Today, the Altamira Cave is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and although access to the original cave is restricted for its preservation, an exact replica has been created, the Altamira Museum, where visitors can appreciate the magnificence of this primitive art. Altamira's legacy continues to inspire us, reminding us that, even at the dawn of humanity, the desire to express ourselves through art was as vibrant as it is today.
This museum takes you back in time, to more than 2,000 years ago, to the heart of Samnite history, accessible to people with visual impairments, through a narrative activated by sensors placed along the route and a "tactile" experience conducted on a 3-D replica of one of the collection's best-known artifacts. Museo Sannitico - deaf experience is the official App of the Sannitico Museum in Campobasso conceived and developed to improve its accessibility, particularly for people with hearing disabilities.
2- Deaf/hard of hearing, 3- Visually impaired
Tactile map A braille tactile map describing the structure and buildings in the complex has been placed at the entrance to the Museum Citadel complex. LIS video Three monitors are located at the entrance of the Museum, opposite the ticket office. One of the monitors offers a video in LIS (Italian sign language) with subtitles in Italian and English that introduces the visit to the museum. Two other videos in LIS are located along the exhibition route. There are several ramps to aid access for people with mobility disabilities. Accessible elevators and bathrooms make the visit extremely comfortable.
Possibility for people with hearing disabilities to book a tour with a LIS interpreter who has an agreement with the museum. There are videos in LIS and subtitles explaining the museum and the works. There is a selection of significant objects that can be enjoyed tactilely. Access is possible for people in wheelchairs.
For the hearing-impaired, there are tablets to visit the Ducal Palace and Gallery with 15 video guides in LIS. The blind, on the other hand, have a smartphone device provided by the building to listen to audio descriptions. Easy access for wheelchair users.
Video guides to the halls in LIS (Italian sign language) for the deaf. Audioguides for the blind. Braille captions of the most significant works and/or functional for tactile reading. Relief panels of Giovanni Bellini's Coronation of the Virgin and the facade of the Ducal Palace in Pesaro. Three-dimensional high relief reproduction of a majolica plate with "Pesaro rose-style" decoration. There is also full accessibility for wheelchair users.
The Museo Omero was created to promote knowledge of art to people with visual disabilities. All of the more than 200 works--sculptures, copies and originals, architectural models, design objects--are accessible by touch and accompanied by captions and panels in Braille. Moving platforms with ladders are available for tactile exploration of the taller works. Specialized operators from the Museo Omero accompany blind and visually impaired people on a journey of discovery of sculpture and architecture, from the classical to the contemporary period, through a selection of the most representative works. For the individual or small groups (maximum 6 people including escorts) the tour can be structured on the wishes of the visitors, favoring an era or author of greatest interest.
At the Medieval Museum, within the accessibility improvement project there is first of all wheelchair access and also an inclusive path to improve the usability of the museum space for blind or visually impaired people. A tactile map is available with locations of the works that can be explored tactilely, relief drawings and braille plaques identifying the title and author of the selected works, and the description of the works can be found in the attached documents also available in braille.
The museum has been working for years to create accessible routes for people with disabilities. Starting with wheelchair ramps, it is also now possible to independently choose an itinerary, simplified and also tactile, divided into 6 stages, (5 on the second floor and the last one in the atrium, on the ground floor). Exploring even with your fingers, you will be able to learn about the history of Bologna from prehistoric times to Etruscan, Gallic and Roman times thanks to 39 copies of archaeological finds, an original work and 9 relief drawings that will allow you to discover some aspects of the life of women and men in those times. The tour is designed for an independent visit, but for those who would like it, mediators will be present to support them.
The museum is easily accessible to people with reduced mobility due to the absence of architectural barriers, elevators, and wheelchair ramps. Free video guide in Sign Language on tablet, available at the Mart's ticket office, which accompanies deaf people through the Permanent Collections and tour route with an LIS interpreter. For blind people there is a tactile guided tour route accompanied by a mediator. Enlarged, braille version of the information material available upon request at the Mart ticket office.
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